Aristophanes (c.446-c.386 bce), sometimes called “The Father of Comedy,” wrote comic plays, eleven out of forty of which survive. His often crude and usually acerbic satirizing brought him accusations of slander, against the Athenian polis, particular well-known men in Athens, and even Socrates (in The Clouds). Plato claimed that Aristophanes ridicule of Socrates contributed to his death-sentence.