Aeschylus (525-456 bce) is considered the “Father of Tragedy,” the first of the three great tragedians in Greek drama. He fought in the Persian wars and expresses Athenian values during its golden age. Indeed, he wrote a play called The Persians, the only historical play to survive from ancient Greece.

He is credited with the innovation of adding the second actor to the old form which involved only one actor and the chorus.

We have 7 of his 80 or more plays, including the three plays of the Oresteia. He tends to explore grand moral issues and uses the chorus for its lyrical role and to comment on the action. Although rather a traditionalist, he does foreground human interaction and diminish attention to the gods. The story that he always wrote his plays while drunk is apocryphal.